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What is Restless legs syndrome?

Restless Legs Syndrome is a common neurological problem which is characterised by uncomfortable sensations in the lower limbs with the compelling have to slowly move the legs, usually experienced when attempting to get to sleep. The weird experience, commonly with the calves, has been explained as a kind of muscle cramp, ache or simply a creeping, moving feeling. Those with this compare the sensation to shooting darts of an electrical source, or possibly invasive bugs within the legs. Often the sensations range in extent from mildly uncomfortable to aggravating to painful.

Probably the most distinctive aspect of the disorder is always that lying down and attempting to relax brings on the sensations. As a result, the majority of people with restless legs syndrome have a problem dropping off to sleep and remaining asleep. If this is not dealt with, the condition leads to exhaustion and day time weariness.

Those that have restless legs syndrome feel uncomfortable feelings within their legs, particularly when seated or lying down, together with an irresistible desire to move the leg. These types of feelings generally come about deep inside the leg, between the knee joint and ankle joint; far more rarely, they occur in the foot, upper thighs, arms, and hands. Although the feelings can take place on just one side of the body, they generally have an impact on both sides. Simply because moving the lower limbs relieves the unpleasant feeling, people with restless legs syndrome frequently keep the legs in motion to cut back or stay away from the sensations. They could pace around, constantly move the lower limbs when sitting, and move about in bed.

Most of the affected individuals notice the symptoms of restless legs syndrome  to get less apparent in the daytime and much more pronounced later in the day or through the night, especially during the beginning of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.

The reason is unknown however sufferers a family history of restless legs syndrome make up about half of the cases, and those with reduced iron levels or anemia, chronic conditions like kidney failure, all forms of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, some pregnant women in their last trimester and individuals taking particular medications appear to be more likely to suffer from restless legs syndrome.

Restless legs syndrome can affect anyone of all ages, even though the condition is much more frequent with increasing age. It occurs in both genders, although incidence is likely to be to some extent greater in women. Sometimes individuals will encounter a natural improvement after a number of weeks. Although very rare, natural improvement over a time period of years can also happen. If these types of improvements come about, most commonly it is during the early stages of the disorder. Typically, however, the sensations become more intense with time.

Often the medical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome might be hard to make. Physicians typically depend primarily on the sufferers descriptions of symptoms and details from their medical history, such as earlier medical conditions, family history, and present medications. Individuals can be asked about the regularity, the length of time the sensations have been present, as well as the level of the sensations in addition to their propensity to daytime sleep activities and drowsiness, disturbance of sleep, or daytime symptoms. In case a persons history is an indication of restless legs symptoms, laboratory tests is often conducted to eliminate other concerns and confirm the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Blood tests, tests to measure electrical activity in muscle tissue and the nerves, and other tests to be able to examine muscle activity in the lower limbs could be encouraged. These assessments are able to find any accompanying injury or disease in the nerves or neural roots or other leg-related movement dysfunctions.